㈠ 求大学英语第4册spring sowing的原文
It was still dark when Martin Delaney and his wife Mary got up. Martin stood inhis shirt by the window, rubbing his eyes and yawning, while Mary raked out thelive coals that had lain hidden in the ashes onthe hearth all night. Outside,cocks were crowing and a white streak was rising form the ground, as it were,and beginning to scatter the darkness. It was a February morning, dry, cold andstarry.
The couple sat down to their breakfast of tea. bread and butter, in silence.They had only been married the previous autumn and it was hateful leaving awarm bed at such and early hour. Martin, with his brown hair and eyes, hisfreckled face and his little fair moustache, ooked too young to be married, andhsi wife looked hardly more than a girl, red-cheeked and blue-eyed,her blackhair piled at the rear of her head with a large comb gleaming in the middle ofthe pile, Spanish fashion. They were both dressed in rough homespuns, and bothwore the loose white shirt that Inverara speasants use for work in the fields.
The ate in silence, sleepy and yet on fire with excitement, for it was thefirst day of their first spring sowing as man and wife. And each felt theglamour of that day on which they were to open up the earth together and plantseeds in it . But somehow the imminence of an event that had been long expectedloved, feared and prepared for made them dejected. Mary, with her shrewdwoman's mind, thought of as many things as there are in life as a woman wouldin the first joy and anxiety of her mating. But Martin's mind was fixed on onethought. Would he be able to prove himself a man worthy of being the head of afamily by dong his spring sowing well?
In the barn after breakfast, when they were getting the potato seeds and theline ofor measuring the tround and the spade, Martin fell over a basket in thehalf-darkness of the barn, he swore and said that a man would be better offdead than.. But before he could finish whatever he was gong to say, Mary hadher arms around his waist and her face to his ."Martin," shesaid,"let us not begin this day cross with one another." And therewas a tremor in her voice. And somehow,as they embraced, all their irritationand sleepiness left them. And they stood there embracing until at last Martinpushed her from him with pretended roughness and said:"Come,come, girl, itwil be sunset before we begin at this rate."
Still, as they walked silently in their rawhide shoes through the little hamlet,there was not a soul about. Lights were glimmering in the windows of a fewcabins. The sky had a big grey crack in it in the east, as if it were going toburst in order to give birth to the sun. Birdes were singing somewhere at adistance. Martin and Mary proudly:"We are first,Mary." And they bothlooked back at the little cluster of cabins that was the centre of their world,with throbbing hearts. For the jy of sping had now taken complete hold of them.
They reached the little field where they were to sow. It was a littletriangular patch of ground under an ivy-covered limestone hill. the littlefield had been manured with seaweed some weeks before, and the weeds had rottedand whitened on the grass. And there was a big red heap of gresh seaweed lyingin a corner by the fence to be spread under the seeds as they were laid.Martin, in spite of the cold, threw off everything above his waist except hisstriped woollen shirt. Then he spat on his hands, seized his spade and cried:"Now you are going to see what kind of a man you have, Mary."
"There, now," said Mary, rying a little shawl clser under her chin.
"Aren't we boastful this early hour of the morning? Maybe I'll wait tillsunset to see what kind of a man I have got."
The work began. Martin measured the ground by the southern fence for the firstridge, a strip of ground four feet wide, and he placed the line along the edgeand pegged it at each end. Then he spread fresh seaweed over the strip. Maryfilled her apron with seeds and began to lay them in rows. When she was alittle distance down the ridge, Martin advanced with his spade to the head,eager to commence.
"Now in the name of God," he cried, spitting on his palms,"letus raise the first sod!"
"Oh, Martin, wait till I'm with you !" cried Mary, dropping her seedson the ridge and running up to him .Her fingers outside her woollen mittenswere numb with the cold, and she couldn't wipe them in her apron. Her cheeksseemed to be on fire. She put an arm round Martin's waist and stood looking at thegreen sod his spade was going to cut, with the excitement of a little child.
"Now for God's sake,girl, keep back!"said Martin gruffly."Suppose anybody saw us like this in the field of our spring sowing, whatwould they take us for but a pair of useless, soft, empty-headed people thatwould be sure to die of hunger. Huh!" He spoke very rapidely, and his eyeswere fixed on the ground before hm. His eyes had a wild, eager light in them asif some primeval impulse were burning within his brain and driving out everyother desire but that of asserting his manhood and of subjugating the earth.
"Oh, what do we care who is looking?" said Mary; but she drew back atthe same time and gazed distantly at the ground. Then Martin cut the sod, andpressing the spade deep into the earth with his foot, he turned up the firstsod with a crunching sound as the gras roots were dragged out of the earth.Mary sighed and walked back hurriedly to her seeds with furrowed brows. Shepicked up her seeds and began to spread them rapidly to drive out the suddenterror that had seized her at that moment whten she saw the fierce, hard lookin her husband's eyes that were unconscious of her presence. She becamesuddenly afraid of that pitiless, cruel earth, the peasant's slave master, thatwould keep her chained to hard work and poverty all her life until she wouldsink again into its bosom. Her short-lived love was gone. Henceforth she wasonly her husband's helper to till the earth . And Martin, absolutely withoutthought, worked furiously, covering the ridge with block earth, his sharp spadegleaming white as he whirled it sideways to beat the sods.
Then, as the sun rose,the little valley beneath the ivy-covered hills becamedotted with white shirts, and everywhere men worked madly, without speaking,and women spread seeds. There was no heat in the light of the sun, and therewas a sharpness in the still thin air that made the men jump on their spadehalts ferociously and beat the sods as if they were living enemies. birdshopped silently before the spades, with their heads cocked sideways, watchingfor worms. Made brave by hunger, they often dashed under the spades to securetheir food.
Then, when the sun reached a certain point, all the women went back to thevillage to get dinner for their men, and the men worked on without stopping.Then the women trturned ,almost running, each carrying a tin can with a flanneltied around it adn a little bundle tied with a white cloth, Martin threw downhis spade when Mary arrived back in the field. Smiling at one another they satunder the hill for their meal .It was the same as their breakfast, tea andbread and butter.
"Ah," said Martin, when he had taken a long draught of tea form hismug, "is there anything in this world as fine as eating dinner out in theopen like this after doing a good morning's work? Ther, I have done two ridgesand a half. That's more than any man in the village could do . Ha!" And helooked at his wife proudly.
"Yes,isn't it lovely," said Mary, looking at the back ridgeswistfully. She was just munching her bread and butter .The hurried trip to thevillage and the trouble of getting the tea ready had robbed her of herappetite. she had to keep blowing at the turf fire with the rim of her skirt,and the smoke nearly blinded her. But now, sitting on that grassy knoll, withthe valley all round glistening with fresh seaweed and a light smoke risingfrom the freshly truned earth, a strange joy swept over her . It overpoweredthat ofther felling of dread that had been with her ring the morning.
Martin ate heartily, revelling in his great thirst and his great hunger, withevery pore of his body open to the pure air. And he looked around at hisneighbours' fields boastfully, comparing them with his own. Then he looked athis wife's little round black head and felt very proud of having her as hisown. He leaned back on his elbow and took her hand in his. Shyly and insilence, not knowing what to say and ashamed of their gentle feelings, theyfinished eating and still sat hand in hand looking away intothe distance.Everywhere the sowers were resting on little knolls, men,women and childrensitting in silence. and the great calm of nature in spring filled theatmosphere around them. Everying seemed to sit still and wait until midday hadpassed. Only the gleaming sun chased westwards at a mighty pace, in and outthrough white clouds.
Then in a distant field an old man got up, took his spade and began to cleanthe earth from it with a piece of stone. Therasping noise carried a long way inthe silence. That was the signal for a general rising all along the littlevalley. Young men stretched themselves and yawned. They walked slowly back totheir ridges.
Martin's back and his wrists were getting sore, and Mary felt that if shestooped again over her seeds her neck would break, but neither said anythingand soon they had forgotten their tiredness in the mechanical movement of theirbodes. The strong smell of the upturned earth acted like a drug on theirnerves.
㈡ 21世纪大学实用英语综合教程第四册reading aloud
If great achievers share anything, said Simonton, it is an unrelenting drive to succeed. “There's a tendency to think that they are endowed with something super-normal,” he explained. “But what comes out of the research is that there are great people who have no amazing intellectual processes. It's a difference in degree. Greatness is built upon tremendous amounts of study, practice and devotion.
He cited Winston Churchill, Britain's prime minister ring World War 2, as an example of a risk-taker who would never give up. Thrust into office when his country's morale was at its lowest, Churchill rose brilliantly to lead the British people. In a speech following the Allied evacuation at Dunkirk in 1940, he inspired the nation when he said, “We shall not flag or fail. We shall go on to the end... We shall never surrender.”
Some persons refrain from expressing their gratitude because they feel it will not be welcome. A patient of mine, a few weeks after his discharge from the hospital, came back to thank his nurse. “I didn't come back sooner,” he explained, “because I imagined you must be bored to death with people thanking you.”
“On the contrary,” she replied, “I am delighted you came. Few realize how much we need encouragement and how much we are helped by those who give it.”
Gratitude is something of which none of us can give too much. For on the smiles, the thanks we give, our little gestures of appreciation, our neighbors build up their philosophy of life.
新概念英语第四册 流利英语（FLUENCY IN ENGLISH）读者对象：（1）已经学完《新概念英语》第二册、第回三册或任答何中高级英语教程的英语学习者 （2）已经具备一定英文基础的成人英语自学者 （3）在英语环境中工作的高级白领 （4）大中专学生以及研究生 （5）中高级英语培训班的学员 （6）参加PETS五级考试的考生学习目标：（1）进入英语世界，体味英语文化（2）熟练使用英语，把英语作为一种得心应手的工具
【一册基础篇】学习英语的敲门砖（"First Things First" 英语初阶）
【二册初级篇】：构建英语的基石（"Practice and Progress" 实践与进步）
7.能识别和用going to ,shall和will构造将来时；
8.会基本应用情态动词can ,may和must，能识别情态动词could ,might ,would。
11.能用-ly ,-ily构造副词，以及一些例外（如well ,hard ,fast）；
12.定冠词和不定冠词，掌握a/an ,the的基本应用，以及some ,any ,no ,much ,many ,a lot of与可数及不可数名词的搭配；
13.能用-s,-es ,-ves构造名词，一些例外：men ,women ,children ,teeth等；
good ,bad ,much/many ,little；
17.关系代词：识别和应用who/whom ,which ,that；
18.句型：This/that; these/those; There is/it is; there are/they are；
19.缩写：it's ,I'm , isn't, didn't等；
【三册提高篇】：掌握英语的关键（"Developing Skills" 培养技能）
研究生入学英语考试的英语知识以及阅读理解题取材较为广泛，语体正式，尤其是有较多的各个科研领域的论说文。因此，考研英语的高频词汇不仅要求考生有较大的词汇量，而且词汇涉及的领域要广。这方面，新概念四提供的词汇可以说完全符合考研英语在广度上的要求。新四的文章有相当大的一部分是科研论说文，而且涉及的领域与考研英语相当一致。我们以2005年研究生入学英语考试为例，试题中的英语知识考题所选文章是关于人类的嗅觉，阅读理解文章中第一篇是关于动物的，第二篇是关于健康，后面还有文章是关于睡眠，关于语言与文化的。这些相关的主题在新四课文中都有所讨论。比如第四课SEEING HANDS《能看见东西的手》是关于人的触觉和视觉的，关于动物的文章则有多篇，比如第二课SPARE THAT SPIDER《不要伤害蜘蛛》，第十八课PORPOISES《海豚》等等，关于健康的有第三十七课THE PROCESS OF AGING《衰老的过程》，关于睡眠的则是第十九课THE STUFF OF DREAMS《话说梦的本质》。由于这些课文与考替的问题以及主题极为相近，因此在考试中出现的关键难词在新四课文在中大部分都会学习到。
㈥ 全新版大学英语综合教程第4册 课文的复述（1、3、5、6、7）
☆ 获得解读深奥英语文章（如 GRE、GMAT、考研阅读文章）的钥匙，全面提高阅读能力